Research brief on Strengthening Article X(1) of the NPT

Published 6 February 2015

From 27 April to 22 May 2015, the States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) will convene at the United Nations Headquarters in New York to review the operation of the NPT in accordance with Article X(2) of the Treaty and the decision of the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference to extend the Treaty indefinitely.

Mr Onur Güven, researcher at the T.M.C. Asser Instituut, participated in a project, launched by the UK-based INENS group, that aims to produce momentum among the States Parties in developing consensus on strengthening Article X(1) through the means of a research brief and workshops to present the findings of this research brief to the delegates of the States Parties to the NPT.

Article (X1) of the NPT provides the rules on withdrawal from the Treaty. This withdrawal clause is an agenda-item for Review Conferences in view of the 2003 decision by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) to withdraw from the Treaty (what the DPRK qualifies as revoking the suspension on the effectuation of its withdrawal decision from 1993). The scope of the NPT withdrawal clause and the required measures to strengthen it remain an agenda-item as the 2010 NPT Review Conference did not produce agreement on these questions.

For this project Mr Güven provided a dissection of the NPT withdrawal clause and an overview of the VCLT rules on withdrawal. Furthermore he contributed a brief overview of his research on the DPRK’s multilateral and bilateral agreements on nuclear non-proliferation, safeguards and context-specific security arrangements; and the DPRK’s crisis with the IAEA on non-compliance with its safeguards obligations, culminating in, inter alia, the DPRK’s decision to invoke Article X(1) of the NPT. The project group will organise a workshop in Geneva in March this year. The research brief can be retrieved

The project group will organise a workshop in Geneva in March this year. The research brief can be retrieved here.