Dr. Christophe Paulussen M.Phil. LL.M.

Senior researcher
Academic programme coordinator IHL/ICL
Research Fellow International Centre for Counter-Terrorism - The Hague

  • Department:
    Research Department
  • Main field of interest: Counter-terrorism and international (human rights) law International Criminal Law International Humanitarian Law

Summary

Dr. Christophe Paulussen LL.M. M.Phil. is a senior researcher at the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and coordinator of its research strand 'Human Dignity and Human Security in International and European Law', coordinator of the inter-faculty research platform ‘International Humanitarian and Criminal Law Platform’ and research fellow at the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague. Christophe is also member of the editorial boards of the journal 'Security and Human Rights' and the 'Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law', member of the Executive Board of the Royal Netherlands Society of International Law and jury member of the J.P.A. François Prize (Royal Netherlands Society of International Law).

Background:

After having spent a year in France (Strasbourg and Angers), Christophe studied law at Tilburg University, the Netherlands. After a propedeuse Dutch law (cum laude), a doctoraal International and European Law (with distinction) and a research master (cum laude), he started working as a PhD candidate at the Department of European and International Public Law of Tilburg University in 2005. On 24 September 2010, Christophe defended his PhD thesis ‘Male captus bene detentus? Surrendering suspects to the International Criminal Court’, which received a special mention from the Jury of the Max van der Stoel Human Rights Award 2011 and which has been used in procedures before the ICC. Inspiration for the subject of his PhD thesis was drawn from the (more or less homonymic) thesis of his doctoraal studies which won not only the Tilburg University Thesis Prize 2004 but also the first prize for master’s theses in the framework of the Max Van Der Stoel Human Rights Award 2004. After his PhD defence, and before moving to The Hague, Christophe worked as an assistant professor at Tilburg University.

Interests and work:

Christophe’s areas of interest are international humanitarian law, international criminal law, in particular the law of the international criminal(ised) tribunals, and counter-terrorism & human rights, in particular the issue of foreign fighters. On the latter topic, he has briefed several national delegations, as well as working groups of the UN and the Council of Europe. He is the author of various publications in all the above-mentioned areas and co-editor of the books 'Foreign Fighters under International Law and Beyond' and 'Fundamental Rights in International and European Law: Public and Private Law Perspectives'.

Moreover, Christophe has been involved as project leader in the development and implementation of numerous lectures, conferences, databases, including the International Crimes Database, trainings, and needs assessment & capacity building missions in public international law-related projects.

Publications:

*'The European Union's Policies on Counter-Terrorism. Relevance, Coherence and Effectiveness' (together with several other authors), Study for the LIBE Committee of the European Parliament, 2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2017/583124/IPOL_STU(2017)583124_EN.pdf  

*‘Arrest and transfer’, in: A.-M. De Brouwer and A. Smeulers (eds.), The Elgar Companion to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Edward Elgar: Cheltenham 2016, pp. 265-289.

*‘From the Bataclan to Nice: A Critique of France's State of Emergency Regime’ (together with B. Boutin), Security and Human Rights 26 (2015), pp. 231-238, December 2016.

*T.D. Gill, T. McCormack, R. Geiβ, H. Krieger and C. Paulussen (eds.), Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 18 (2015), T.M.C. Asser Press: The Hague 2016, VIII, 312 pp.

*'Repressing the Foreign Fighters Phenomenon in Western Europe: Towards an Effective Response Based on Human Rights', ICCT Research Paper, November 2016, available at: https://icct.nl/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/ICCT-Paulussen-Rule-of-Law-Nov2016-1.pdf

*‘Towards a European Position on the Use of Armed Drones? A Human Rights Approach’ (together with J. Dorsey and B. Boutin), ICCT Report, October 2016, available at: https://icct.nl/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/ICCT-Paulussen-Dorsey-Boutin-Towards-a-European-Position-on-the-Use-of-Armed-Drones-October2016-2.pdf

*‘From the Bataclan to Nice: A Critique of France's State of Emergency Regime’ (together with B. Boutin), ASSER Policy Brief, No. 2016-01, July 2016, available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2811602

*‘The Foreign Fighters Phenomenon in the European Union. Profiles, Threats & Policies’ (together with B. Van Ginkel, E. Entenmann, B. Boutin, G. Chauzal, J. Dorsey, M. Jegerings, J. Pohl, A. Reed and S. Zavagli), ICCT Research Paper, April 2016, available at: http://icct.nl/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/ICCT-Report_Foreign-Fighters-Phenomenon-in-the-EU_1-April-2016_including-AnnexesLinks.pdf

*Foreign Fighters under International Law and Beyond (together with A. de Guttry and F. Capone), T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer Verlag: The Hague 2016, XXIII, 533 pp.

*‘Introduction’ (together with A. de Guttry and F. Capone), in: A. de Guttry, F. Capone and C. Paulussen (eds.), Foreign Fighters under International Law and Beyond, T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer Verlag: The Hague 2016, pp. 1-5.

*‘National Responses in Select Western European Countries to the Foreign Fighter Phenomenon’ (together with E. Entenmann), in: A. de Guttry, F. Capone and C. Paulussen (eds.), Foreign Fighters under International Law and Beyond, T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer Verlag: The Hague 2016, pp. 391-422.

*‘Concluding Remarks’ (together with A. de Guttry and F. Capone), in: A. de Guttry, F. Capone and C. Paulussen (eds.), Foreign Fighters under International Law and Beyond, T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer Verlag: The Hague 2016, pp. 517-522.

*T.D. Gill, T. McCormack, R. Geiβ, H. Krieger, Ch. Paulussen and J. Dorsey (eds.), Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 17 (2014), T.M.C. Asser Press: The Hague 2016, VIII, 391 pp.

*'Fundamental Rights in International and European Law: Public and Private Law Perspectives' (together with T. Takács, V. Lazic and B. Van Rompuy) (eds.), T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer Verlag: The Hague 2016, XIV, 323 pp.

 *‘Introduction’ (together with T. Takács, V. Lazic and B. Van Rompuy), in: C. Paulussen, T. Takács, V. Lazic and B. Van Rompuy (eds.), Fundamental Rights in International and European Law: Public and Private Law Perspectives, T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer Verlag: The Hague 2016, pp. 1-6.

 *‘Towards an EU Position on Armed Drones and Targeted Killing?’ (together with J. Dorsey), in: C. Paulussen, T. Takács, V. Lazic and B. Van Rompuy (eds.), Fundamental Rights in International and European Law: Public and Private Law Perspectives, T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer Verlag: The Hague 2016, pp. 9-44.

*‘Paris: 11/13/15: Analysis and Policy Options’ (together with G. Chauzal, K. Colijn, B. van Ginkel and S. Zavagli), Clingendael/ICCT Policy Brief, November 2015, available at: http://www.clingendael.nl/sites/default/files/Policy_Brief_Clingendael_ICCT-Paris111315Analysis_and_Policy_Options_November%202015.pdf

*‘A common European position on armed drones? Charting EU member states’ views on questions of counterterrorism uses of force’ (together with J. Dorsey), Global Affairs, 2015, Vol. 1, No. 3, 277–283, available at: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rgaf20/1/3

*‘Responding to foreign fighters: An overview of the main challenges’, in: UNICRI and Max Planck Institute, Freedom For Fear Magazine, Issue 11: Not in our name. The lost generation of violent extremists, 20 July 2015, available at: http://f3magazine.unicri.it/wp-content/uploads/F3_magazine_Not_in_our_name_low.pdf, pp. 100-105.

*Background paper on foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq, prepared for the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy of the Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly. The paper was adopted by the Committee on 7 December 2015 and by the Parliamentary Assembly on 27 January 2016. It is available at http://assembly.coe.int/nw/xml/XRef/Xref-XML2HTML-en.asp?fileid=22304&lang=en

*‘The Role of the Military in Securing Suspects and Evidence in the Prosecution of Terrorism Cases before Civilian Courts: Legal and Practical Challenges’ (together with B. Van Ginkel), ICCT Research Paper, 7 May 2015, available at: http://www.icct.nl/download/file/ICCT-Van-Ginkel-Paulussen-The-Role-Of-The-Military-In-Securing-Suspects-And-Evidence-In-The-Prosecution-Of-Terrorism-Cases-Before-Civilian-Courts.pdf

*‘Towards a European Position on Armed Drones and Targeted Killing: Surveying EU Counterterrorism Perspectives’ (together with J. Dorsey), ICCT Research Paper, 24 April 2015, available at: http://www.icct.nl/download/file/ICCT-Dorsey-Paulussen-Towards-A-European-Position-On-Armed-Drones-And-Targeted-Killing-Surveying-EU-Counterterrorism-Perspectives.pdf

*'Responding to Foreign Fighters: A Quick Overview for People with Little Time’, ICCT Commentary, 21 April 2015, available at: http://www.icct.nl/publications/icct-commentaries/responding-to-foreign-fighters-a-quick-overview-for-people-with-little-time

*‘Returning Jihadist Foreign Fighters: Challenges Pertaining to Threat Assessment and Governance of this Pan-European Problem’ (together with E. Bakker and E. Entenmann), Security and Human Rights, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2014 (2015), pp. 11-32.

*‘Addressing Europe’s Foreign Fighter Issue: Legal Avenues at the International and National Level’ (together with E. Entenmann), Security and Human Rights, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2014 (2015), pp. 86-118. 

*T.D. Gill, T. McCormack, R. Geiβ, R. Heinsch, Ch. Paulussen and J. Dorsey (eds.), Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 16 (2013), T.M.C. Asser Press: The Hague 2015, VIII, 369 pp.

*‘Year in Review 2013’ (together with J. Dorsey and S.-J. Koulen), in: T.D. Gill, T. McCormack, R. Geiβ, R. Heinsch, Ch. Paulussen and J. Dorsey (eds.), Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 16 (2013), T.M.C. Asser Press: The Hague 2015, pp. 147-216.

*‘The Boundaries of the Battlefield: A Critical Look at the Legal Paradigms and Rules in Countering Terrorism' (together with J. Dorsey), in: T.D. Gill, T. McCormack, R. Geiβ, R. Heinsch, Ch. Paulussen and J. Dorsey (eds.), Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 16 (2013), T.M.C. Asser Press: The Hague 2015, pp. 219-250.

*‘Addressing the Foreign Terrorist Fighters Phenomenon from a European Union Perspective: UN Security Council Resolution 2178, Legal Issues, and Challenges and Opportunities for EU Foreign Security and Development Policy’ (together with several other authors), Policy Brief, Global Center on Cooperative Security, Human Security Collective and International Centre  for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, December 2014, available at: http://www.globalcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Dec2014_EU-FTFS_GCCS_HSC_ICCT.pdf

*Testing the Validity of US Self-defence Arguments against the Khorasan Group in Syria (together with K. Tibori Szabo), ICCT Commentary, 9 October 2014, available at: http://www.icct.nl/publications/icct-commentaries/testing-the-validity-of-us-self-defence-arguments-against-the-khorasan-group-in-syria 

*'UK Measures Rendering Terror Suspects Stateless: A Punishment More Primitive Than Torture' (together with L. Van Waas), ICCT Commentary, 5 June 2014, available at: http://www.icct.nl/publications/icct-commentaries/uk-measures-rendering-terror-suspects-stateless-a-punishment-more-primitive-than-torture

*T.D. Gill, T. McCormack, R. Geiβ, R. Heinsch, Ch. Paulussen and J. Dorsey (eds.), Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 15 (2012), T.M.C. Asser Press: The Hague 2014, VIII, 256 pp.

*‘Year in Review 2012’ (together with J. Dorsey), in: T.D. Gill, T. McCormack, R. Geiβ, R. Heinsch, Ch. Paulussen and J. Dorsey (eds.), Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 15 (2012), T.M.C. Asser Press: The Hague 2014, pp. 187-236.

*‘Dealing with European Foreign Fighters in Syria: Governance Challenges & Legal Implications’ (together with E. Bakker and E. Entenmann), ICCT Research Paper, 16 December 2013, available at: http://www.icct.nl/download/file/ICCT-Bakker-Paulussen-Entenmann-Dealing-With-European-Foreign-Fighters-in-Syria.pdf

*'The Syrian Foreign Fighters Problem: A Test Case from The Netherlands’, ICCT Commentary, 2 December 2013, available at: http://icct.nl/publications/icct-commentaries/the-syrian-foreign-fighters-problem-a-test-case-from-the-netherlands

*‘Art. 97. Consultations’ (commentary), in: P. De Hert, J. Flamme, M. Holvoet and O. Struyven, eds., Code of International Criminal Law and Procedure, Annotated, Larcier: Brussels 2013, pp. 461-462.

*‘The Boundaries of the Battlefield: A Critical Look at the Legal Paradigms and Rules in Countering Terrorism' (together with J. Dorsey), ICCT Research Paper, 16 April 2013, available at: http://www.icct.nl/download/file/ICCT-Dorsey-Paulussen-Boundaries-of-the-Battlefield-Report-April-2013_docx.pdf

*'Testing the Adequacy of the International Legal Framework in Countering Terrorism: The War Paradigm', ICCT Research Paper, 28 August 2012, available at: http://www.icct.nl/download/file/ICCT-Paulussen-Legal-Framework-for-Counter-Terrorism-August-2012.pdf 

*'Impunity for international terrorists? Key legal questions and practical considerations', ICCT Research Paper, 5 April 2012, available at: http://www.icct.nl/download/file/ICCT-Paulussen-Impunity-April-2012.pdf   

*‘The US NDAA 2012 and its controversial counter-terrorism provisions’, ICCT Commentary, 16 March 2012, available at: http://www.icct.nl/publications/icct-commentaries/the-us-ndaa-and-its-controversial-counter-terrorism-provisions

*Male captus bene detentus? Surrendering suspects to the International Criminal Court, Intersentia: Antwerp/Oxford/Portland 2010, XVII, 1195 pp.
For more information on Christophe's PhD, please visit: http://www.intersentia.be/searchDetail.aspx?back=reeks&reeksCode=SHR&bookid=101638&author=Christophe Paulussen&title=Male Captus Bene Detentus?

*‘Legal Assistance in the Context of the International Criminal Court’, in: C. Fijnaut and J. Ouwerkerk, eds., The Future of Police and Judicial Cooperation in the European Union, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers: Leiden/Boston 2010, pp. 189-229.

*‘Decision on Interlocutory Appeal Concerning Legality of Arrest, Prosecutor v. Nikolic, Case No. IT-94-2-AR73, A. Ch. 5 June 2003, Commentary’, in: A. Klip and G. Sluiter, eds., Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume 14: The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 2003, Intersentia: Antwerp/Oxford/Portland 2008, pp. 131-142.