LegislationMontenegrin legislation system is under substantial comprehensive reform. Starting from the new constitution which adoption is in process and continuous harmonization of domestic regulations with relevant EU directives as part of the Stabilization and Association Process, many other laws are currently in the process of readapting to the present situation – regained independence of the Republic of Montenegro and strong political will and efforts invested in European Integration.
Among recently drafted legislation, that is harmonized with acquis communautaire, there are:
- Law on Environmental Impact Assesment,
- Law on Strategic Environmental Impact Assesment,
- Law on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control,
- Law on Waste Management,
- Law on Environmental Noise
Some crucial peaces of legislation are still in the process of preparation:
- Law on Environment
- Law on Chemicals
- Law on Ambient Air Quality
The Government adopted the Air Quality Bill in Jun 07. The concept of this Bill is based on contemporary instruments for the prevention, mitigation and reduction of harmful impact of polluted air, which is the main purpose of this legislation. The adoption of the Bill is not yet on the National Assembly agenda.
The Republic of Montenegro ratified the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in March 2007 and officially became a party of the Protocol in June. The Clean Development Mechanism (Article 12 of the Protocol) is of particular importance for Montenegro since it allows financing of environmentally sound projects through cooperation with developed countries. Activities on establishment of the Designated National Authority (DNA) for the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol are recognized as priority in this sector.
Law on Energy
Montenegro adopted a Law on Energy in 2003, which has been harmonized with European Union legislation. The Law regulates the generation, transmission, distribution and supply of electricity; the organization and functioning of the electricity market; the market for coal as regards the use of coal for electricity generation, and the transportation, distribution, storage, trade and supply of petroleum products and natural gas.
The overall objective is to open the electricity market to competition, which involves, among other things, the unbundling of the grid operation from the power supply. In this context, an Energy Regulatory Agency was established and became operational in 2004. The Agency’s Management Board, which is an independent public body, is appointed by parliament. The Agency has an obligation, laid down in its statutes, to take environmental aspects into consideration in its activities.
Law on Organic Agriculture
Law on Noise Protection
More environmental legal texts on Montenegrin can be found here.