Asser International Sports Law Blog

Our International Sports Law Diary
The Asser International Sports Law Centre is part of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut

The entitlement to Training Compensation of “previous” clubs under EU Competition Law. By Josep F. Vandellos Alamilla

Editor’s note: Josep F. Vandellos is an international sports lawyer associated to RH&C (Spain). He is also a member of the Editorial Board of the publication Football Legal and a guest lecturer in the ISDE-FC Barcelona Masters’ Degree in Sports Management and Legal Skills.


Article 6 of Annexe IV (Training compensation) of the FIFA-RSTP (Ed. 2016) contains the so-called “Special Provisions for the EU/EEA” applicable to players moving from one association to another inside the territory of the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area (EEA).
The provisions regarding training compensation result from the understanding reached between FIFA and UEFA with the European Union in March 2001[1], and subsequent modifications introduced in the FIFA-RSTP revised version of 2005 to ensure the compatibility of the transfer system with EU law.[2]
This blog will focus on the exception contained in article 6(3) Annexe IV of the FIFA-RSTP. According to this article, when “the former club” fails to offer a contract to the player, it loses its right to claim training compensation from the players’ new club, unless it can justify that it is entitled to such compensation. Instead, the right of “previous clubs” to training compensation is fully preserved irrespective of their behaviour with the player.[3] From a legal standpoint, such discrimination between the “former club” and the “previous clubs” raises some questions that I will try to address in this paper. More...



The EU State aid and sport saga: The Real Madrid Decision (part 2)

This is the second and final part of the ‘Real Madrid Saga’. Where the first part outlined the background of the case and the role played by the Spanish national courts, the second part focuses on the EU Asser International Sports Law Blog | Our International Sports Law Diary <br/>The <a href="http://www.sportslaw.nl" target="_blank">Asser International Sports Law Centre</a> is part of the <a href="https://www.asser.nl/" target="_blank"><img src="/sportslaw/blog/media/logo_asser_horizontal.jpg" style="vertical-align: bottom; margin-left: 7px;width: 140px" alt="T.M.C. Asser Instituut" /></a>

Asser International Sports Law Blog

Our International Sports Law Diary
The Asser International Sports Law Centre is part of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut

Bailing out your local football club: The Willem II and MVV State Aid decisions as blueprint for future rescue aid (Part 1)

The European Commission’s decisions of 4 July 2016 to order the recovery of the State aid granted to seven Spanish professional football clubs[1] were in a previous blog called historic. It was the first time that professional football clubs have been ordered to repay aid received from (local) public authorities. Less attention has been given to five other decisions also made public that day, which cleared support measures for five football clubs in the Netherlands. The clubs in question were PSV Eindhoven, MVV Maastricht, NEC Nijmegen, FC Den Bosch and Willem II.

Given the inherent political sensitivity of State aid recovery decisions, it is logical that the “Spanish decisions” were covered more widely than the “Dutch decisions”. Furthermore, clubs like Real Madrid and FC Barcelona automatically get more media attention than FC Den Bosch or Willem II. Yet, even though the “Dutch decisions” are of a lower profile, from an EU State aid law perspective, they are not necessarily less interesting.

A few days before entering the quiet month of August, the Commission published the non-confidential versions of its decisions concerning PSV Eindhoven, Willem II and MVV Maastricht (hereinafter: “MVV”). The swiftness of these publications is somewhat surprising, since it often takes at least three months to solve all the confidentiality issues. Nonetheless, nobody will complain (especially not me) about this opportunity to analyze in depth these new decisions. More...


The (terrible) State of the World Anti-Doping System

The fight against doping is still on top of the agenda after the Russian doping scandal. The national anti-doping organizations (NADOs) have reiterated their call for an in depth reform of the World Anti-Doping Agency at a special summit in Bonn, Germany. These reforms are deemed urgent and necessary to “restore confidence of clean athletes and those who value the integrity of sport” and secure “the public’s desire for a fair and level playing field”. The NADOs propose, amongst others things, to separate the investigatory, testing and results management functions from sports organizations, and to remove sports administrators from crucial anti-doping executive functions. More...




Taking the Blue Pill or the Red Pill: Should Athletes Really Check their Medications against the Prohibited List Personally? - A Comment by Marjolaine Viret (University of Neuchâtel )

Editor's Note:  Marjolaine is an attorney admitted to the Geneva bar (Switzerland) who specialises in sports and life sciences.   She currently participates as a scientific collaborator at the University of Neuchâtel on a research project to produce the first article-by-article legal commentary of the 2015 World Anti-Doping Code. Her latest book Evidence in Anti-Doping at the Intersection of Science & Law was published in 2016 in the International Sports Law Book Series of T.M.C. ASSER Press.


INTRODUCTION

On 30 September 2016, a panel of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (“CAS”) rendered its award in the matter opposing high-profile tennis player Maria Sharapova to the International Tennis Federation (“ITF”). Maria Sharapova was appealing the two-year ban imposed on her by the ITF Tribunal in June 2016 for her use of Meldonium, a substance newly added to the WADA Prohibited List 2016[1]. Since neither the ITF nor WADA had chosen to challenge the Tribunal’s decision, the stakes of the case were rather simple: would the player convince the CAS panel that she should benefit from a finding of “No Significant Fault or Negligence”[2], thereby allowing for a reduction of the sanction down to a minimum of one year, or should the decision of the Tribunal be upheld? In its award, the CAS panel decided to grant such finding and reduced the sanction to 15 months.

This blog does not purport to be a ‘comment’ on the CAS award. Rather, it seeks to place the Sharapova matter into a broader context with respect to a specific issue: the expectations on Athletes when it comes to their awareness of the prohibited character of a substance, specifically when taking a medication[3]. In July 2016, I presented at the T.M.C Asser Institute in The Hague various current challenges of anti-doping that the Meldonium cases exposed (see the video here). One of these challenges concerned the modalities for including new substances onto the Prohibited List. This blog represents a follow-up on my presentation, in the light of the findings contained in the CAS award. More...



Case note: State aid Decision on the preferential corporate tax treatment of Real Madrid, Athletic Bilbao, Osasuna and FC Barcelona

On 28 September 2016, the Commission published the non-confidential version of its negative Decision and recovery order regarding the preferential corporate tax treatment of Real Madrid, Athletic Bilbao, Osasuna and FC Barcelona. It is the second-to-last publication of the Commission’s Decisions concerning State aid granted to professional football clubs, all announced on 4 July of this year.[1] Contrary to the other “State aid in football” cases, this Decision concerns State aid and taxation, a very hot topic in today’s State aid landscape. Obviously, this Decision will not have the same impact as other prominent tax decisions, such as the ones concerning Starbucks and Apple

Background

This case dates back to November 2009, when a representative of a number of investors specialised in the purchase of publicly listed shares, and shareholders of a number of European football clubs drew the attention of the Commission to a possible preferential corporate tax treatment of the four mentioned Spanish clubs.[2]More...



International and European Sports Law – Monthly Report – September 2016. By Kester Mekenkamp

Editor’s note: This report compiles all relevant news, events and materials on International and European Sports Law based on the daily coverage provided on our twitter feed @Sportslaw_asser. You are invited to complete this survey via the comments section below, feel free to add links to important cases, documents and articles we might have overlooked.


The Headlines

September hosted the very last bit of the sport summer 2016, most notably in the form of the Rio Paralympic Games. Next to the spectacular achievements displayed during these games, in the realm of sports law similar thrilling developments hit town. The first very much expected #Sportslaw highlight was the decision by the German Bundesgerichtshof in the case concerning SV Wilhelmshaven. The second major (less expected) story was the Statement of Objections issued by the European Commission against the International Skating Union.More...


De- or Re-regulating the middlemen? The DFB’s regulation of intermediaries under EU law scrutiny at the OLG Frankfurt. By Antoine Duval and Kester Mekenkamp.

Football intermediaries, or agents, are again under attack in the news. For some, corrupt behaviour has become endemic in football’s culture. It is always dangerous to scapegoat a whole profession or a group of people. Many intermediaries are trying their best to lawfully defend the interests of their clients, but some are not. The key focus should be on providing an adequate legal and administrative framework to limit the opportunities for corrupt behaviour in the profession. This is easier said than done, however. We are dealing with an intrinsically transnationalized business, often conducted by intermediaries who are not subjected to the disciplinary power of federations. Sports governing bodies are lacking the police power and human resources necessary to force the intermediaries to abide by their private standards. In this context, this blog aims to review a recent case in front of the regional court of Frankfurt in Germany, which highlights the legal challenges facing (and leeway available to) national federations when regulating the profession. More...

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" 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