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UEFA’s betting fraud detection system: How does the CAS regard this monitoring tool? By Emilio García.

Editor’s note: Emilio García (emilio.garcia@uefa.ch)  is a doctor in law and head of disciplinary and integrity at UEFA. Before joining UEFA, he was the Spanish Football Federation’s legal director (2004–12) and an arbitrator at the CAS (2012–13).In this blog, Emilio García provides a brief review of a recent case before the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS): Klubi Sportiv Skënderbeu v UEFA (CAS 2016/A/4650)[1], in which he acted as main counsel for UEFA. 


Sport and match-fixing – A quick overview

Match-fixing is now legally defined as “an intentional arrangement, act or omission aimed at an improper alteration of the result or the course of a sports competition in order to remove all or part of the unpredictable nature of the aforementioned sports competition with a view to obtaining an undue advantage for oneself or for others”.[2] It has been said that there has always been match-fixing in sport.[3] From the ancient Olympic Games to the most important global sports competitions of today, manipulation of results has always been an all-too-frequent occurrence.

We have seen a number of very prominent instances of this kind of issue over the years. One of the most remarkable examples, which was even the subject of a film,[4] was the match-fixing episode during the 1919 World Series, where several players from the Chicago White Sox were found guilty of accepting bribes and deliberately losing matches against the Cincinnati Reds.[5]

The situation has changed considerably since then. In particular, the globalisation of the sports betting industry has had a massive impact, with recent studies estimating that between €200bn and €500bn is betted on sport every year.[6] Match-fixing does not just affect football either;[7] it is also affecting other sports, most notably tennis.[8] More...


The Diarra Ruling of the Tribunal of Charleroi: The New Pechstein, Bosman or Mutu?

Yesterday the sports law world was buzzing due to the Diarra decision of the Tribunal de Commerce du Hainaut (the Tribunal) based in Charleroi, Belgium. Newspapers were lining up (here, here and here) to spread the carefully crafted announcement of the new triumph of Jean-Louis Dupont over his favourite nemesis: the transfer system. Furthermore, I was lucky enough to receive on this same night a copy of the French text of the judgment. My first reaction while reading quickly through the ruling, was ‘OMG he did it again’! “He” meaning Belgian lawyer Jean-Louis Dupont, who after a string of defeats in his long shot challenge against FIFA’s TPO ban or UEFA’s FFP (see here and here), had [at least I believed after rushing carelessly through the judgment] manufactured a new “it”: a Bosman. Yet, after carefully re-reading the judgment, it became quickly clear to me that this was rather a new Mutu (in the sense of the latest CAS award in the ‘Mutu saga’, which I have extensively analysed on this blog and in a recent commentary for the new Yearbook of International Sports Arbitration) coupled with some reflections reminding a bit (but not really as will be explicated below) the Pechstein case.

In this blog, I will retrace briefly the story behind the case and then analyse the decision of the Belgium court. In doing so, I will focus on its reasoning regarding its jurisdiction and the compatibility of article 17(2) RSTP with EU law.More...

The Russian Doping Scandal at the Court of Arbitration for Sport: The IPC’s Rio Ineligibility of Russian Paralympic Athletes

Editor's note: This blog is part of a special blog series on the Russian doping scandal at the CAS. Last year I analysed the numerous decisions rendered by the CAS ad hoc Division in Rio and earlier this year I reviewed the CAS award in the IAAF case.

Unlike the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) was very much unaffected by the Russian doping scandal until the publication of the first McLaren report in July 2016. The report highlighted that Russia’s doping scheme was way more comprehensive than what was previously thought. It extended beyond athletics to other disciplines, including Paralympic sports. Furthermore, unlike the International Olympic Committee (IOC) the IPC had a bit more time to deal with the matter, as the Rio Paralympic Games were due to start “only” in September.

After the release of the McLaren Report, the IPC president Sir Philip Craven was “truly shocked, appalled and deeply saddened at the extent of the state sponsored doping programme implemented in Russia”. He immediately announced the IPC’s intention to review the report’s findings and to act strongly upon them. Shortly thereafter, on 22 July, the IPC decided to open suspension proceedings against the National Paralympic Committee of Russia (NPC Russia) in light of its apparent inability to fulfil its IPC membership responsibilities and obligations. In particular, due to “the prevailing doping culture endemic within Russian sport, at the very highest levels, NPC Russia appears unable or unwilling to ensure compliance with and the enforcement of the IPC’s Anti-Doping Code within its own national jurisdiction”. A few weeks later, on 7 August, the IPC Governing Board decided to suspend the Russian Paralympic Committee with immediate effect “due to its inability to fulfil its IPC membership responsibilities and obligations, in particular its obligation to comply with the IPC Anti-Doping Code and the World Anti-Doping Code (to which it is also a signatory)”. Indeed, these “obligations are a fundamental constitutional requirement for all National Paralympic Committees (NPCs), and are vital to the IPC’s ability to ensure fair competition and to provide a level playing field for all Para athletes around the world”. Consequently, the Russian Paralympic Committee lost all rights and privileges of IPC membership. Specifically, it was not entitled to enter 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ssion" class="smallest" title="Tag: European Commission">European Commission
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    Frontcover The Legacy of Bosman - Revisiting the Relationship between EU Law and Sport Employment and Labour Relations Law in the Premier League, NBA and International Rugby Union
    Dr. Leanne O'Leary
    Frontcover The Jurisprudence of the FIFA Dispute Resolution Chamber

    Yearbook of International Sports Arbitration 2015
    Dr. Antoine Duval
    Prof. Antonio Rigozzi
    2016

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