- Main fields of interest: International Criminal Law International Humanitarian Law Public International Law
- E-mail: email@example.com
Dr. Marta Bo is a researcher at the Asser Institute and the Graduate Institute for International and Development studies (Geneva).
She is currently researching on criminal responsibility for war crimes committed with autonomous weapon systems (LAWS and War Crimes Project); AI and criminal responsibility; automation biases and mens rea for crimes committed with autonomous or automated systems; disarmament and criminalisation.
Marta is responsible for the Asser-Cassese Initiative long-term capacity-building training project for judiciaries in international and transnational criminal law (ICL and TCL), international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law (HRL).
She has published on international and transnational criminal law, law of the sea and human rights, artificial intelligence and criminal responsibility, autonomous weapons.
Marta holds a Master’s degree in Law from the University of Bologna and an LL.M. in public international law from the University of Leiden. She completed her Ph.D. in international law (2015) at the University of Genova on the topic of human rights violations in the current practice concerning the arrest and prosecution of pirates.
Interests and work:
Marta’s areas of interests are artificial intelligence and criminal responsibility (in particular for war crimes); cognitive biases and criminal reponsibility; international and transnational criminal law; international criminal procedure; the law of the sea and human rights; ICC and complementarity.
She lectured in several universities, including the University of Amsterdam, the University of Pavia and Bocconi University (Milan).
Marta is a qualified lawyer and she has acquired varied working experience in international criminal tribunals (ICC and ICTY) and NGOs (International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute, Peace and Justice Initiative and Antonio Cassese Initiative).
For the Antonio Cassese Initiative Marta has developed, coordinated and implemented capacity-building and training projects in international and transnational criminal law, international humanitarian law and human rights law.
Autonomous Weapons and The Responsibility Gap in light of the Mens Rea of the War Crime of Attacking Civilians in the ICC Statute, Journal of International Criminal Justice, 2021
Meaningful Human Control over Autonomous Weapons: An (International) Criminal Law Accout, Opinio Juris, 18 December 2020
M.Bo and T. Woodcock, Lethal autonomous weapons, war crimes, and the Convention on Conventional Weapons, The Global, 28 May 2019 available at https://theglobal.blog/2019/05/28/lethal-autonomous-weapons-war-crimes-and-the-convention-on-conventional-weapons/.
Who is Criminally Responsible for the Commission of War Crimes when Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems are deployed in Armed Conflicts?, The Graduate Institute, September 2018, available at https://www.graduateinstitute.ch/communications/news/who-criminally-responsible-commission-war-crimes-when-lethal-autonomous-weapon
The Situation in Libya and the ICC’s understanding of Complementarity in UNSC-Referred Cases, in 25 Criminal Law Forum 2014, 505-540;
EU Counter-Piracy Operations and the Protection of Human Rights at Sea, in Scritti di diritto privato europeo ed internazionale 2015, 267-290;
The Interplay Between International Law and National Law in The First Italian Prosecution of Piracy: the M/V Montecristo Case, XXIV Italian Yearbook of International Law 2015, 289-314;
European Court of Human Rights: Hassan and Others v. France and Ali Samatar and Others v. France, 30 The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 2015, 551-558;
Piracy at the Intersection between International and National: Regional Enforcement of a Transnational Crime in H. Van der Wilt (ed.) Legal Responses to Transnational and International Crimes, Towards and Integrative Approach, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, 71-91.
M. Bo, A. Petrig, The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and Human Rights, in M. Scheinin (ed.) Human Rights Norms in 'Other' International Courts and Tribunals, CUP, 2019.
Marta in the Media
La absolución de Gbagbo genera un debate sobre el papel de la CPI, interview with Dr Marta Bo (published in El Confidencial, eldiario.es, and La Vanguardia), Agencia EFE (19 January 2019).
La Cour pénale internationale fragilisée après l’acquittement de Laurent Gbagbo, interview with Dr Marta Bo (published in La Libre Afrique and Le Devoir), Agence France-Presse (15 January 2019).
Pressure mounts on war crimes court after Gbagbo blow, interview with Dr Marta Bo (published in The Independent, Daily Mail, Yahoo News, and The Citizen), Agence France-Presse (15 January 2019).
Member of the Board of the Antonio Cassese Initiative