Dr Ulad Belavusau

Senior researcher

  • Department:
    Research Department
  • Main field of interest: EU Law Human Rights Anti-discrimination law Comparative constitutional law Politics of memory Law and society studies


Dr. Uladzislau Belavusau is Senior Researcher in European Law at the T.M.C. Asser Institute in The Hague, under secondment with the University of Amsterdam (the Netherlands). Previously, he was Assistant Professor in EU law and human rights at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (2011-2015) and the University of Amsterdam (2016). He holds a Ph.D. from the European University Institute (Florence, Italy) and an LL.M. from the Collège d’Europe (Bruges, Belgium).

Dr. Belavusau has held visiting fellowships at the University of California at Berkeley (Berkeley, USA), the Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht (Heidelberg, Germany), Università degli studi di Milano-Bicocca (Italy), York University (Toronto, Canada), and Tel Aviv University (Israel). For the spring semester 2020, he is invited as a Fernand Braudel Senior Fellow at the European University Institute (Florence Italy). In addition, he has guest lectured at the Amsterdam University CollegeTilburg University, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Hague Academy of International Law (the Netherlands), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium), York University (Canada), Masaryk University (the Czech Republic), Central European University (Hungary), Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland), Academy of European Law in Trier (Germany), IDC Herzliya (Israel) and, for several years continuously, at the LUISS Guido Carli University in Rome (Italy).

During 2016-2019, he was the Principal Investigator for the Dutch team in the  MELA consortium ('Memory Laws in European and Comparative Perspectives'), sponsored by the EU research grant HERA (Humanities in the European Research Area).  In 2015, the International Association of Labour Law Journals conferred him Marco Biagi Award for the best paper in labour law (published in Columbia Journal of European Law). Dr. Belavusau is the author of a monograph “Freedom of Speech” (Routledge, 2013), as well as a co-editor of two books “Law and Memory" (Cambridge University Press, 2017) and "EU Anti-Discrimination Law" (Oxford: Hart, 2018).



Articles, working papers and case-notes

  • The Remarkable Rise of "Law and Historical Memory in Europe": Theorising Tendencies and Prospects in Recent Literature (with Aleksandra Gliszczynska-Grabias), Journal of Law and Society, 2020 (forthcoming).
  • Same-Sex Spouses: More Free Movement but What about Marriage? (with Dimitry Kochenov), Common Market Law Review, 57, 1, 2020. 227-242. 
  • The Rise of Memory Laws in Poland: An Adequate Tool to Counter Historical Disinformation?, Security and Human Rights, 29, 2019. 36-54.
  • A Bird's Eye View on EU Anti-Discrimination Law: the Impact of the 2000 Equality Directives (with Kristin Henrard), German Law Journal, 5, 20, 2019. 614-636.
  • Coming up Short: Police-women and Indirect Height Discrimination in EU Law, International Labour Rights Case Law, 4, 2018. 218-222.
  • La criminalisation de l'expression historique en Pologne : la loi memorielle de 2018 (avec Anna  Wójcik), Archives de politique criminelle, 40, 2018. 175-188. 
  • Memory Laws: Mapping A New Subject in Comparative Law and Transitional Justice (with Aleksandra Gliszczynska-Grabias), T.M.C. Asser Institute Research Paper, 3, 2017. 3-28.
  • Introductory Note to Perinçek v. Switzerland (2015): Judgement of the Grand Chamber (ECtHR), International Legal Materials, 55, 2016. 627-629
  • Towards EU Sexual Risk Regulation: Restrictions on Blood Donation as Ingringement of Active Citizenship, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 7, 4, 2016. 801-809.
  • Kirchberg Dispensing the Punishment: Inflicting “Civil Death” on Prisoners in Onuekwere (C-387/12) and M.G. (C-400/12) (with Dimitry Kochenov), European Law Review, 41, 4, 2016. 557-577.
  • On the ‘Entry’ Options for the ‘Right to Love’: Federalizing Litigation Opportunities for LGBT Plaintiffs in Europe” (with Dimitry Kochenov), EUI Working Paper, 9, 2016. 1-16.
  • Az emlékezettörvények és a szólásszabadság: A történelem jogi szabályozása az európai jogban (translated into Hungarian), In Medias Res, 2, 2015. 248-269.
  • A Penalty for Homophobia from EU Non-Discrimination Law: Asociatia ACCEPT, Columbia Journal of European Law, 21, 2 2015. 353-381. 

Marco Biagi Award for the best paper in labour law from the International Association of Labour Law Journals.

  • Sex beyond the Internal Market: Towards EU Sexual Citizenship, EUI Working Paper, 6, 2015. 1-18.
  • Hate Speech and Constitutional Democracy in Eastern Europe: Transitional and Militant?, Israel Law Review (published by Cambridge University Press), 47, 1, 2014. 27-61.
  • Historical Revisionism in Comparative Perspective: Law, Politics, and Surrogate Mourning, EUI Working Paper, 12, 2013. 1-31.
  • Commission v. Hungary: On Age Discrimination and Beating Dead Dogs, Common Market Law Review, 50, 4, 2013. 1145–1160.
  • Fighting Hate Speech through EU Law, Amsterdam Law Forum, 4,1, 2012. 20-45.
  • Baltic Interests before the European Court of Justice, in Tatjana Evas (ed.), European Integration from the Baltic Perspective, RECON Report, 2011. 66-77.
  • Art, Pornography and Foucauldian Reconstruction of Comparative Law,Maastricht Journal of European & Comparative Law, 17, 3, 2010. 252-280.
  • Instrumentalisation of Freedom of Expression in Postmodern Legal Discourses, European Journal of Legal Studies, 3, 1, 2010. 147-170.
  • Sex in the Union: EU Law, Taxation and the Adult Industry, European Law Reporter, 4, 2010. 144-150.
  • A Dernier Cri From Strasbourg: An Ever Formidable Challenge of Hate Speech, European Public Law, 16, 3, 2010. 373-389.
  • Judicial Epistemology of Free Speech through the Lenses of Ancient Rhetoric, International Journal for the Semiotics of Law, 23, 2, 2010. 165-183.
  • From Lëtzebuerg to Luxembourg: EU Law, Non-Discrimination and Pregnancy, European Law Reporter, 2, 2010. 45-49.
  • The Case of Laval in the Context of the Post-Enlargement EC Law Development, German Law Journal, 9, 12, 2008. 1279-1308.

Book chapters

  • Posponer los cambios de nombre de las calles tras la transicion de la democracia: lecciones legales de Polonia” (con Anna Wójcik), in Jordi GUIXÉ et al. (eds), Diez años de leyes y políticas de memoria (2007-2017), Ediciones La Catarata, Madrid, 2019. 27-39.
  • "The Impact of the 2000 Equality Directives on EU Anti-Discrimination Law: Achievements and Pitfalls" (with Kristin Henrard), in U. Belavusau & K. Henrard (eds.), EU Anti-Discrimination Law Beyond Gender, Oxford: Hart, 2018. 1-37.
  • "Memory Laws: Mapping a New Subject in Comparative Law and Transitional Justice" (with Aleksandra Gliszczynska), in U. Belavusau & A. Gliszczynska-Grabias (eds.), Law and Memory: Towards Legal Governance of History, Cambridge University Press, 2017. 1-26.
  • “EU Sexual Citizenship: Sex Beyond the Internal Market”, in Dimitry Kochenov (ed.), EU Citizenship and Federalism: The Role of Rights, Cambridge University Press, 2017. 417-442.
  • "Pornografia i Prawo: od Drugiego Przykazania do Pierwszej Poprawki”, in Mateusz M. Bieczynski & Andrzej Jakubowski (eds.), Prawo wobec erotyki w sztuce oraz pornografii, Silva Rerum, 2016. 77-122 (in Polish).
  • “Federalizing Litigation Opportunities for LGBT Plaintiffs in Europe” (with Dimitry Kochenov), in Koen Slootmaeckers, Peter Vermeersch & Heleen Touquet (eds.), The EU Enlargement and Gay Politics: The Impact of Eastern Enlargement On Rights, Activism and Prejudice, Palgrave, 2016. 69-96. 
  • "Arte, Pornografia e a Reconstrução Foucaultiano do Direito Comparado”, in José Adércio Leite Sampaio (ed.), Liberdade de Expressão no Século XXI, Del Rey, 2016. 185-227 (translated into Portuguese).
  • “Memory Laws and Freedom of Speech: Governance of History in European Law”, in András Koltay (ed.), Comparative Perspectives on The Fundamental Freedom of Expression, Wolters Kluwer, 2015. 537-558.
  • “Experts in Hate Speech Cases: Towards a Higher Standard of Proof in Strasbourg?”, in Lukasz Gruszczynski & Wouter Werner (eds.), Deference in International Courts and Tribunals: Standard of Review and Margin of Appreciation, Oxford University Press, 2014. 254-271.
  • “Anti-Roma Hate Speech in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland”, in Morag Goodwin & Paul De Hert (eds.), European Roma Integration Efforts – A Snapshot, Brussels University Press, 2013. 141-181.
  • “Fighting Hate Speech through EU Law”, in Evelyn Ellis & Kristín Benediktsdóttir (eds.), Equality into Reality: Action for Diversity and Non-Discrimination, University of Iceland Press, 2012. 189-204.
  • The Emerging Concepts of Social Rights in Belarus, Ukraine and Russia, Prague Yearbook of Comparative Law 2010, 2011. 137-157.

Book reviews

  •  Book review of Moshe Cohen-Eliya & Iddo Porat, Proportionality and Constitutional Culture (Cambridge University Press, 2013), Common Market Law Review, 51, 4, 2014. 1305-1307. 

Encyclopaedic entries

  • Hate Speech, in Raine Grote, Rüdiger Wolfrum & Frauke Lachenmann (eds.), The Max Plank Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • Pornography, in Andreas Joh. Wiesand, Kalliopi Chainoglou, Anna Sledzinska-Simon, Yvonne Donders (eds.), Culture and Human Rights – The Wroclaw Commentaries, De Gruyter, 2016.

Articles in media & academic blogging

A short translation into Armenian is available in Aravot, 2015: http://www.aravot.am/2015/11/10/627279/ 

Policy advice 

  • Street Renaming after the Change of Political Regime: Legal and Policy Recommendations from Human Rights Perspective (with Anna Wójcik), T.M.C Asser Institute Policy Brief, 1, 2018. 1-9.

Publications available on SSRN: