Front cover

Participation in Crime Falling within the Subject-matter Jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court

June 2024 Author: PhD Aleksandra Nieprzecka, Department of Criminal Law, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland



  • Published: June 2024
  • Pages: x + 536 pp.
  • Publisher: T.M.C. ASSER PRESS
  • Distributor: Springer

This book centres on the forms of participation in crime set out in the Rome Statute, but it is definitely not a simple repetition or summary of the views expressed in the ICC case law. Instead, the work critically elaborates on the ICC practice and presents a theoretical and dogmatic description of modes of criminal responsibility that might be found in the Statute.

The element of novelty is however brought about by the methodology, which encompasses a normative analysis based on the distinction between the categories of sanctioned and sanctioning norms initially introduced by K. Binding in the German doctrine, but for the purposes of this book adjusted to the structure of international core crimes and reconciling them with the grounds for criminal responsibility as such. Moreover, the work does not avoid bold assertions concerning the forms of participation in crime concerning inter alia the concept of spectator or public approval and/or direct incitement to genocide.

This approach should be of particular interest to those who are under the impression that international criminal law is entangled in a multiplicity of labels and the judicial practice sometimes adopts the same requirements without any further thought or analysis. The book aims to trigger a broader debate on the merits and rationale of participation in crime and encourages readers to rethink some of the concepts developed within judicial practice. The work also takes into consideration the ICC case law, in particular some tendencies that might be inferred from the separate and concurring opinions in the Ntaganda case.

All in all, it endeavours to reflect on the content of Article 25 (3) and 28 of the Rome Statute and provide an answer on how ICC practice might and perhaps should evolve further.

Aleksandra Nieprzecka, Ph.D. is a member of the Polish Bar Association in Kraków and worked as a principal researcher in the project concerning the model of participation in crime adopted in the Rome Statute carried out at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków where she finished her doctoral studies according to the co-tutelle agreement between the Jagiellonian University in Kraków and the University of Hamburg.

Specific to this book:

  • Will the ICC revisit the ‘control over the crime’ theory? The book presents the alternatives for this concept
  • Substantive or significant contribution to the crime: the book indicates the threshold required by the Rome Statute
  • Direct and public incitement to genocide: the book explains why the concept shall be extended to other core crimes

Available for download

Front matter incl. ToC
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