The Project was ground-breaking, not only in its scope but also in terms of multi-disciplinary approach. In analysing the interaction between the Regulation and the other EU private international law instruments, it supplemented a primarily comparative legal approach with the use of empirical research.

The comparative legal research was carried out through the analysis of legislation, case law of national courts in EU Member States, as well as of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and legal writing. It identified difficulties in application and points to best practices when applying the provisions of BIa Regulation primarily, but also of its predecessor (Brussels I Regulation) and other closely related private international law sources.

The empirical research made use of various methods, both qualitative and quantitative. National Reporters from EU Member States provided information on the relevant case law and legal literature, as well as any other available data in their own jurisdictions, on the basis of the Questionnaire prepared by the JUDGTRUST team.

National Reports for each Member State can be found here.

Analysis and synthesis of all National Reports according to the structure of the Questionnaire are reproduced in the Consolidated Report, which can be found here.

Final Conference

On  21 and 22 of April 2022, a Conference took place representing the final event of the Project. It hosted panels on, inter alia, the scope of application, relationship with other instruments, rules on jurisdiction, provisional measures, as well as enforcement and recognition of foreign judgments. Additionally, the key findings from the National Reports of the EU Member States was presented. The Conference aimed to bring together academics, policy makers and legal practitioners. It took place at the T.M.C. Asser Instituut, The Hague. The Conference was organised as a hybrid event, with the possibility to participate in person at our premises in The Hague or online. 

After the completion of the Project, a Handbook on the Interpretation and Application of the Regulation is available as an electronic publication and in hard copy.