Mapping the labour status of sportspeople under EU law
Sep 1, 2014 - Mar 31, 2015
The general objective of the study was to analyse the impact of intra-EU mobility on the labour status of sportspeople under EU and national law.
Specifically, this project submitted a report to DG EMPL on the labour status and concept applicable to sportspeople (worker or self-employed person) under EU law, CJEU case law, decisions of Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) and national law and jurisprudence in five Member States (Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, United Kingdom and Germany).
The report included taking stock of the situation and specificities of contractual relationships at national level in at least five chosen Member States concerning the status of professional footballers. In addition, in relation to those same five Member States, the study looked at one individual sport where the players usually participate also in club championships and investigated the impact of cross-border movement of sporting professionals on national systems and contractual relationships. In this context, the report analysed the distinction between intra-EU free movements of workers (Article 45 TFEU) from cross-border provision of services (Article 56 TFEU) and freedom of establishment (Article 49 TFEU) in the sports sector.