Asser Publications 2020

Articles – refereed (25)

Aalberts, T. & Stolk, S.
The Peace Palace: Building (of) The International Community’, 114 American Journal of International Law Unbound (AJIL Unbound) (2020): 117-122.

Baranowska, G. & Castellanos-Jankiewicz, L.
Historical Memory in Post-communist Europe and the Rule of Law: An Introduction’, 5(1) European Papers - A Journal on Law and Integration (2020): 95-106.

Belavusau, U.
The NH Case: On the “Wings of Words” in EU Anti-Discrimination Law’, European Papers - A Journal on Law and Integration (2020): 1001-1020.

Belavusau, U. & Gliszczyńska-Grabias,
The Remarkable Rise of “Law and Historical Memory” in Europe: Theorizing Trends and Prospects in the Recent Literature’, 47(2) Journal of Law and Society (2020): 325-338.

Belavusau U. & Kochenov, D.
Same-Sex Spouses: More Free Movement but What About Marriage?’, 57(1) Common Market Law Review (2020): 227-242. 

Belavusau, U.
Mnemonic Constitutionalism and Rule of Law in Hungary and Russia’, 1(1) Interdisciplinary Journal of Populism (2020): 16-29. 

Boutin, B.
The Interplay of International Obligations Connected to the Conduct of Others: Toward a Framework of Mutual Compliance Among States Engaged in Partnered Warfare’, 96 International Law Studies (2020): 529-548.

Boutin, B. & Nedeski, N.
‘The Continuing Saga of State Responsibility for the Conduct of Peacekeeping Forces: Recent Practice of Dutch and Belgian Courts’, in: Spijkers, O., Werner, W. & Wessel, R. (eds.),  Netherlands Yearbook of International Law (‘Yearbooks in International Law: History, Function and Future’), Vol. 50 (2019), The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press (2020): 309-332.

Boutin, B. et al.
Guiding Principles on Shared Responsibility in International Law’, 31(1) European Journal of International Law (2020): 15-72.

De Brouwer A.-M., De Volder, E., & Paulussen, C.
Prosecuting the Nexus between Terrorism, Conflict-related Sexual Violence and Trafficking in Human Beings before National Legal Mechanisms. Case Studies of Boko Haram and Al-Shabaab’, 18(2) Journal of International Criminal Justice (2020): 499-516.

Duval, A. & Heerdt, D.
FIFA and Human Rights – a Research Agenda’, 25 Tilburg Law Review (2020).

Kassoti, E.
Between Sollen and Sein: The CJEU's Reliance on International Law in the interpretation of economic agreements covering occupied territories’, 33 Leiden Journal of International law (2020): 1-19.

Kassoti, E.
The Extraterritorial Applicability of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights: Some Reflections in the Aftermath of the Front Polisario Saga’, European Journal of Legal Studies, EJLS Online First, 22 June 2020 (2020): 1-24.

Kassoti, E.
Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Court of Justice’s Judgment in Case Slovenia v. Croatia’, European Papers, European Forum (2020): 1-10.

Kassoti, E. & Odermatt, J.
The Principle of Autonomy and International Investment Arbitration: Reflections on Opinion 1/17’, (73) Questions of International Law (QIL) (2020): 5-20.

Kassoti, E.& Vatsov, M.
‘A Missed Opportunity? Unilateral Declarations by the EU and the ECJ’s Venezuelan Fisheries Judgment’, 35 The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law (2020): 55-81.

Koagne Zouapet, A. & Plagis, M.
Braamfontein encroaching? An internationalist reading of the South African Constitutional Court judgement on the SADC Tribunal’, 35(4) South African Journal on Human Rights (2020): 378-403.

Kochenov, D. & Belavusau, U.
After the Celebration: Marriage Equality in EU Law post-Coman in Eight Questions and Some Further Thoughts’, 27(5) Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law (2020): 549-572.  

Nijman, J.E.
‘Grotius’ “Rule of Law” and the Human Sense of  Justice: An Afterword to Martti Koskenniemi’s Foreword’, 30(4) European Journal of International Law (2019): 1105-1114. (published in 2020)

Nijman, J.E.
‘Marked Absences: Locating Gender and Race in International Legal History’, 31(3) European Journal of International Law (2020): 1025-1050.

Okoli, C.
International Commercial Litigation in English Speaking Africa: A Critical Review’, 16(1) Journal of Private International Law (2020): 189-203.

Paulussen, C. et al.
The Nexus between Human Trafficking, Enslavement and Conflict-Related Sexual Violence is Obvious’: Views of the Editorial Board’, 1(1) Journal of Human Trafficking, Enslavement and Conflict-Related Sexual Violence (2020): 5-23.

Plagis, M.
The Makings of Remedies: The (r)evolution of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights’ remedies in fair trial cases’, 28 (Issue Supplement) African Journal of International and Comparative Law (2020): 45-71.

Stolk, S. & Vos, R.
International Legal Sightseeing’, 33(1) Leiden Journal of International Law (2020): 1-11.  

Vos, R. & Stolk, S. 
Law in concrete: institutional architecture in Brussels and The Hague’, (14)1 Law and Humanities (2020): 57-82.

Articles – non-refereed (7)

Boutin, B.
Beyond AI Ethics: International Law and Human Rights for AI Accountability’, I4ADA, Accountability Paper Vision 2020: Taking Stock & Looking Forward (2020): 46-47.

Partiti, E. (former Asser researcher)
Trust and Global Governance: Ensuring Trustworthiness of Transnational Private Regulators’, 52(2) New York University Journal of International Law and Politics (JILP) (2020): 415-484.

Nijman, J.E.
Identiteit’, Christen Democratische Verkenningen, nr. 2 (2020): 41.

Nijman, J.E.
‘Waarden en Europa’, Christen Democratische Verkenningen, nr. 4 (2020): 45.

Stolk, S. & Vos, R.
Brutal International Law’, 28(1) New Perspectives (2020): 12-70.

Stolk, S. & Vos, R.
Façade’, 28(1) New Perspectives (2020): 14-22.

Stolk, S.
Exit', 28(1) New Perspectives (2020): 67.

Books (4)

Hirsch Ballin, E.M.H.
Advanced Introduction to Legal Research Methods, Edward Elgar Publishing (2020).

Hirsch Ballin, E.M.H. & Cerimovic, E. & Dijstelbloem, H. & Segers, M.
European Variations as a Key to Cooperation, Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy (Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid, WRR), Springer International Publishing (2020).

Okoli, C.
Place of Performance: A Comparative Analysis, London: Hart Publishing (2020).

Okoli, C. & Oppong, R.
Private International Law in Nigeria, London: Hart Publishing (2020).

Book chapters (18)

Ark, R. van (née Grozdanova)
‘The Normalisation of Secrecy in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands: Individuals, the Courts and the Counter-Terrorism Framework’, in: Paulussen, C. & Scheinin, M. (eds.), Human Dignity and Human Security in Times of Terrorism, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press (2020): 333-365.

Belavusau, U. & Gliszczyńska-Grabias, A.
‘Academic Legacy of Wojciech Sadurski, Rule of Law, and Mnemonic Constitutionalism in Central and Eastern Europe’, in: Belavusau, U. & Gliszczyńska-Grabias, A. (eds.), Constitutionalism under Stress: Essays in Honour of Wojciech Sadurski, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2020): 1-17. 

Belavusau, U.
Legislative and Judicial Politics of LGBT Rights in the European Union’, in: Haider-Marker, D. (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of LGBT Politics and Policy, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2020): 1-14. 

Broekhuijse, I., Hirsch Ballin, E. & Ranchordás, S.
‘The Constitutions of the Dutch Caribbean: A Study of the Countries of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten and the Public Entities of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba’, in: Albert, R., O'Brien, D. & Wheatle, S-S. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Constitutions, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2020).

Duval, A.
‘Offside? Challenging the Transnational Legality of Israeli Football Activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories’, in: Duval, A. & Kassoti, E. (eds.), The Legality of Economic Activities in Occupied Territories: International, EU Law and Business and Human Rights Perspectives, Routledge (2020).

Geiss, R. & Paulussen, C.
‘Specifically Protected Persons and Objects’, in: Saul, B. & Akande, A. (eds.), The Oxford Guide to International Humanitarian Law: Oxford: Oxford University Press (2020): 175-203.

Gill, T.D., Geiß, R., Krieger, H. & Paulussen C.
‘Editorial’, in: Gill, T.D., Geiβ, R., Krieger, H. & Paulussen, C. (eds.), Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 21 (2018), The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press (2020): VII-IX.

Idriz, N.
Hierarchies of Privilege: Juxtaposing Family Reunification Rights, Integration Requirements, and Nationality in EU Law’, in: Jesse, M. (ed.), European Societies, Migration, and the Law: The ‘Others’ amongst ‘Us’, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2020): 130-151.

Kassoti, E. & Duval, A.
‘Setting the Scene: The Legality of Economic Activities in Occupied Territories‘, in: Duval, A. & Kassoti, E. (eds.), The Legality of Economic Activities in Occupied Territories: International, EU Law and Business and Human Rights Perspectives, Routledge (2020): 1-24.

Hirsch Ballin, E.M.H.
‘Restoring Trust in the Rule of Law’, in: Paulussen, C. & Scheinin, M. (eds.), Human Dignity and Human Security in Times of Terrorism, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press (2020): 27-32.

Lazic, V.
‘Prorogation of Jurisdiction: Validity Requirements and Methods of Interpretation’ (with S.A. Kruisinga), in: Benicke, Ch. & Huber, S. (eds.), National, International, Transnational: Harmonische Dreiklang im Recht, Festschrift für Herber Kronke zum 70. Geburtstag, Gieseking Verlag (2020):  255-275.

Mignot-Mahdavi, R.
‘Drones Programs, the Individualization of War, and the ad Bellum Principle of Proportionality’ in: Kreß, C. & Lawless, R. (eds.), Necessity and Proportionality in International Peace and Security Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2020).

Mignot-Mahdavi, R.
‘France: issues of form and substance in the national strategy of terrorist threat anticipation in cyberspace’, in Cristiano, F., Broeders, D. & Weggemans, D. (eds.), Countering cyber terrorism in a time of 'war on words': Kryptonite for the protection of digital rights?, The Hague Programme for Cyber Norms (2020).

Nijman, J.E.
‘International Law and the Social Question: An Alternative Hague Tradition?’, foreword to Anne Orford’s 2019 T.M.C. Asser Lecture, ‘International Law and the Social Question’, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press (2020): v-xiv.

Okoli, C.
‘Choice of Law in the European Union: Common Law Procedure and Evidence’, Yearbook of Private International Law Vol. XXI (2019/2020) (2020): 589-599.

Paulussen, C. & Scheinin, M.
‘Introduction’, in: Paulussen, C. & Scheinin, M. (eds.), Human Dignity and Human Security in Times of Terrorism, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press (2020): 3-11.

Paulussen, C. & Scheinin M.
‘Deprivation of Nationality as a Counter-Terrorism Measure: A Human Rights and Security Perspective’, in: Van Waas, L. &De Chickera, A. (eds.), The World Stateless 2020: Deprivation of Nationality, London: Institute of Statelessness and Inclusion (2020): 223-226.

Roithmaier, K., Tobjasz, M. & Bove, P.
‘Year in Review 2018’ in: Gill, T.D., Geiß, R., Krieger, H. & Paulussen, C. (eds.), Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 21 (2018), The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press (2020): 165-260.

Reports (3)

Hirsch Ballin, E.M.H. et al.
The Netherlands and the Global Approach to COVID-19, Advisory Council on International Affairs (Adviesraad Internationale Vraagstukken, AIV), Advisory Letter, May 2020.

Boutin, B., Klonowska, K., & Woodcock, T.
‘Addressing Gaps in the International Regulation of Warfare and Dual-Use Technologies: States, Private Sector, Non-State Armed Groups’, Expert Meeting Report commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, December 2020.

Roodenburg, L. & Nijman, J.E.
‘Verkenning “Overzicht en Inzicht in internationale trends, ontwikkelingen en respons over scheidslijnen, polarisatie en conflict”’, report commissioned by the Municipality of Amsterdam, December 2020.

Blogs (31)

Ark, R. van (née Grozdanova), Prabhat D. & Gordon F.
Repatriating the forgotten children of ISIS fighters: A matter of urgency’, GlobalCit (EUI and Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies), 8 May 2020.

Ark, R. van (née Grozdanova), Prabhat D. & Gordon F.
Repatriation of Dutch children in Syria now unlikely – but it shouldn’t be a political choice’, The Conversation, 14 May 2020.

Ark, R. van (née Grozdanova), Prabhat D. & Gordon F.
Coronavirus crisis, and the urgent need to revisit repatriation of foreign fighters’ children’, Monash Lens, 21 May 2020.

Ban, M.
Democracy in times of crisis: The state of emergency in Hungary’, Asser Blog, 14 April 2020.

Belavusau U. & Karliuk M.
The State of Denial Amidst the Military Parade: COVID-19 in Belarus’, Verfassungsblog: On Matters Constitutional, 20 May 2020.

Belavusau, U.
Corona Constitutional #45: Europas letzer Diktator?’, Verfassungsblog: On Matters Constitutional, 19 August 2020.

Bo, M.
Meaningful Human Control over Autonomous Weapon Systems: An (International) Criminal Law Account’, Opinio Juris, 18 December 2020 (also on Asser website, here).

Boutin, B.
Beyond AI ethics: International law and human rights for AI accountability’, Asser Blog, 16 November 2020.

Castellanos-Jankiewicz, L.
La Amnistía Mexicana: Sus Tres Defectos’, Foreign Affairs Latino américa Blog, 28 January 2020.

Castellanos-Jankiewicz, L.
Mexico's Amnesty Proposal: An Instrument of Transitional Justice?’, Just Security, 4 March 2020.

Castellanos-Jankiewicz, L.
Op-ed ‘La frontera blindada contra migrantes’, El Sol de Mexico, 27 March 2020.

Castellanos-Jankiewicz, L.
COVID-19 Symposium: US Border Closure Breaches International Refugee Law’, Opinio Juris, 3 April 2020 (also on Asser website, here).

Feichtner, I. & Gordon, G.
Constitutions of Value: Introduction to the Symposium‘, Verfassungsblog: On Matters Constitutional, 2 March 2020.

Hirsch Ballin, E.M.H.
Geen afscheid van de mensenrechten’, Advisory Council on International Affairs (Adviesraad Internationale Vraagstukken, AIV), 2 December 2020

Idriz, N.
A “Complete” System of Legal Remedies?: The EU-Turkey Deal as a Litmus Test’, Verfassungsblog: On Matters Constitutional, 30 September 2020.

Idriz, N. & Kassoti, E.
The External Dimension of EU Migration and Asylum Policy: More Informalisation, Less Protection, Less Rule of Law?, Verfassungsblog: On Matters Constitutional, 28 September 2020.

Kassoti, E.
Migration: Revisiting the legal nature of the 2016 EU-Turkey statement’, Asser blog, 9 April 2020.

Mignot-Mahdavi, R.
Does Artificial Intelligence exacerbate injustices?’, Asser blog, 14 January 2020.

Mignot-Mahdavi, R.
Using big data for research and policy analysis: how to deal with legal and ethical concerns?’, Asser blog, 29 January 2020.

Nijman, J.E. & O’Connell, M.E.
A Better World Emerging from the Crises’, Opinio Juris, 14 August 2020.

Okoli, C.
Private International Law in Africa: Comparative Lessons’, Afronomicslaw.org, 3 February 2020.

Okoli, C.
Waiving the Right to a Foreign Arbitration Clause by Submitting to the Jurisdiction of a Nigerian Court’, Conflict of Laws.net, Views and News in Private International Law, 24 October 2020.

Okoli, C.
‘Does a United States’ Court have jurisdiction to make an order affecting immovable property in Lagos, Nigeria?’, Conflict of Laws.net, Views and News in Private International Law, 26 October 2020.

Okoli, C.
The Contractual Function of a Choice of Court Agreement in Nigerian Jurisprudence’, Conflict of Laws.net, Views and News in Private International Law, 3 November 2020.

Okoli, C.
The Contractual Function of. a Choice of Court Agreement in Nigerian Jurisprudence (Part  2)’, Conflict of Laws.net, Views and News in Private International Law, 10 November 2020.

Paulussen C. & Van Waas L.
The counter-productiveness of deprivation of nationality as a national security measure’, European Network on Statelessness, 18 March 2020 (also on Asser website, here).

Plagis, M.
‘Regional courts and their sources: The practice of the African Court and the “others”’, The ACtHPR Monitor, 4 February 2020.

Silva, N. de & Plagis, M.
A Court in Crisis: African States’ Increasing Resistance to Africa’s Human Rights Court’, Opinio Juris, 19 May 2020.

Plagis, M.
The beginning of the end of a home-grown African Court?’, Asser blog, 20 May 2020.

Plagis, M.
Special Declaration withdrawals, a review’, The ACtHPR Monitor, 12 November 2020.

Roodenburg, L.
Cities and International Law: collecting empirical evidence’, The Global City Website, 11 February 2020. 

Research papers (15)

Research papers CLEER (final)

Kassoti, E. & Wessel, R.
‘EU Trade Agreements and the Duty to Respect Human Rights Abroad: Introduction to the Theme’, in: Kassoti, E. & Wessel, R. (eds.), EU Trade Agreements and the Duty to Respect Human Rights Abroad, CLEER Paper 2020/1: 1-15.

Kassoti, E. & Wessel, R.
The EU’s Duty to Respect Human Rights Abroad: The Extraterritorial Applicability of the EU Charter and Due Diligence Considerations’, CLEER Paper 2020/2: 1-23.

Research papers SSRN (accepted)

Ark, R. van (née Grozdanova)
The War on Terror’, Asser Research Paper 2020-12 (SSRN), forthcoming in: Sayapin, S., Quenivet, N., Kemp, G. and Zambrana-Tevar, N., International Conflict and Security Law, Volume 2, Springer/Asser Press (2020).

Aust, H. & Nijman, J.E.
Planetary Boundaries Intra Muros: Cities and the Anthropocene’, Asser Research Paper 2020-04 (SSRN), forthcoming in: French, D. & Kotzé, L.J. (eds.), Research Handbook on Law, Governance and Planetary Boundaries, Edward Elgar (2020).

Bove, P. & Roithmaier, K.&Tobjasz, M.
Year in Review 2018’, Asser Research Paper 2020-02 (SSRN), also in: Gill, T.D., Geiß, R., Krieger, H. & Paulussen, C. (eds.), Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 21 (2018), The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press (2020): 165-260.

Brouwer, A-M de & Volder, E. de & Paulussen, C.
Prosecuting the Nexus between Terrorism, Conflict-Related Sexual Violence and Trafficking in Human Beings Before National Legal Mechanisms: Case Studies of Boko Haram and Al-Shabaab’, Asser Research Paper 2020-03 (SSRN), forthcoming in Journal of International Criminal Justice.

Duval, A.
Transnational sports law: the living lex sportive’, Asser Research Paper 2020-06 (SSRN), forthcoming in: Zumbansen, P. (ed.), ’Oxford Handbook of Transnational Law’, Oxford University Press (2020).

Duval, A.
Time to go public? The need for transparency at the Court of Arbitration for sport’, Asser Research Paper 2020-07 (SSRN), forthcoming in: Yearbook of International Sports Arbitration, T.M.C. Asser Press, Springer (2019)

Duval, A.
Seamstress of transnational law: how the Court of Arbitration for sport weaves the lex sportiva’, Asser Research Paper 2020-08 (SSRN), forthcoming in: Krisch, N. (ed.) ‘Entangled Legalities’, Cambridge University Press (2020).

Duval, A.
Offside? Challenging the transnational legality of Israeli football activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories’, Asser Research Paper 2020-09 (SSRN), in: Duval, A. & Kassoti, E. (eds.), ‘The Legality of Economic Activities in Occupied Territories: International, EU Law and Business and Human Rights Perspectives’, Routledge (2020).

Idriz, N.
Possible Model(s) for Post-Brexit EU-UK Relations in Light of Existing Constraints in EU Law’,  Asser Research Paper 2020-10 (SSRN), forthcoming in: Special Brexit issue of the ‘Ankara Review of European Studies’ (2020).

Idriz, N. & Tobler, C.
“Citizenship of the Association”: The Examples of Turkey and Switzerland’, Asser Research Paper 2020-11 (SSRN), forthcoming in: Kostakopoulou, D. & Thym, D. (eds), ‘Research Handbook on European Citizenship Law and Policy’, Part V: EU Citizenship Post-Brexit: Differentiated Citizenship Revisited, Edward Elgar Publishing (2021).

Mignot-Mahdavi, R.
La participation aux combats de nouveaux acteurs (New actors on the battlefield)’, Asser Research Paper 2020-01 (SSRN), in: Eudes, M., Ryfman, P. & Szurek, S. (eds.), ‘Droit et pratique de l’action humanitaire’, L.G.D.J (2019): 594-605.

Nedeski, N. & Boutin, B.
The Continuing Saga of State Responsibility for the Conduct of Peacekeeping Forces: Recent Practice of Dutch and Belgian Courts’, Asser Research Paper 2020-05 (SSRN), forthcoming in: Netherlands Yearbook of International Law, Volume 50 (2020) (also in: Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-34, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2020-12). [published as article in 2020]

Nijman, J.E.
Ius Gentium et Naturae: The Human Conscience and Early Modern International Law’, Asser Research Paper 2020-14 (SSRN), forthcoming in: Slotte, P. & Haskell, J. (eds.), Christianity and International Law: An Introduction (Cambridge Companions to Religion), Cambridge University Press (2021).

Nijman, J.E. & Aust, H.
The Emerging Roles of Cities in International Law - Introductory Remarks on Practice, Scholarship and the Handbook’, Asser Research Paper 2020-13 (SSRN), forthcoming in: Aust, H.P. & Nijman, J.E. (eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Cities, Edward Elgar (2021).

Edited volumes (7)

Belavusau, U. & Gliszczyńska-Grabias A. (eds.)
Constitutionalism Under Stress: Essays in Honour of Wojciech Sadurski, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2020).

Duval, A. & Kassoti, E. (eds.)
The Legality of Economic Activities in Occupied Territories: International, EU Law and Business and Human Rights Perspectives, Routledge (2020).

Gill, T.D., Geiβ, R., Krieger, H. & Paulussen, C. (eds.)
Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 21 (2018), The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press (2020)

Hirsch Ballin, E.M.H. & Dijstelbloem, H. & Goede, P. de (eds.)
Security in an Interconnected World: A Strategic Vision for Defence Policy, The Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR), Springer International Publishing (2020).

Hirsch Ballin, E.M.H. & Van der Schyff, G. & Stremler, M. (eds.)
European Yearbook of Constitutional Law 2019: Judicial Power: Safeguards and Limits in a Democratic Society, Springer Publishers (2020).

Kassoti, E. & Wessel, R. (eds.)
EU Trade Agreements and the Duty to Respect Human Rights Abroad, CLEER Paper 2020/1 (2020).

Paulussen, C., & Scheinin, M. (eds.)
Human Dignity and Human Security in Times of Terrorism, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press (2020).

Dissertations

Ban, M.
The Legal Governance of Historical Memory and the Rule of Law, defended on 21 October 2020, University of Amsterdam, PhD supervisors: J.E. Nijman & U. Belavusau. The dissertation is part of the MELA project.

Marina Ban’s project focused on the state-based instrumentalization of historical memory through the creation and transformation of memory laws and policy-related legal measures, and the impact that such measures have on the national fulfilment of the rule of law. It argues that the extent and nature of the impact on the rule of law depends on the approach employed by the state. It has identified that states may employ self-inculpatory (attempting to reckon honestly with the legacy of past atrocities) or self-exculpatory (exerting increasing control over collective narratives to the detriment of historical accuracy) towards the legal governance of historical memory. Supporting this argument, the thesis used two cases studies (France and Hungary). It highlighted the risks that the legal governance of historical memory presents to the state of the rule of law, including the capture of historical memory through its instrumentalization.